What to Search for when Investing in Used Forklift
If you're planning to purchase used forklift, there are numerous options to take into account.
Mast rails, lift chains and cylinders
From the forks, continue your forklift inspection by considering the mast rails, again checking for just about any cracks or welds which could affect the mast structural integrity. Search for signs of excessive wear on mast rollers - like a compressed oval shape rather than round shape. After inspecting the rollers, follow along the lift chains, noting any damaged/missing links or anchor pins. Inspect the hoses running parallel to the chains for just about any indication of leaking hydraulic fluid. Check both hoses and lift chains for equal tension distribution aswell. Follow along chains and hoses to the tilt cylinders mounted on the forklift carriage, again searching for any signs of damage or leaks and for missing or insecure bolts.
Forks and mast
Begin your inspection facing leading of the forklift. Check the forks for just about any cracks, bends or other styles of distortion possibly due to overloading. For minor bends, consider getting the forks straightened. Be skeptical of any cracks in the forks. Large, deep cracks makes it unsafe for a forklift to lift lots at full capacity. As you inspect the forks, check fork heels for signs of wear. The thickness of heel forks should closely match the thickness of the upright fork shank (the area of the fork secured to the hanger). Inspect mast for just about any cracks or welds, and make sure that the mast pins and tilt and side-shift cylinders are secure, Check cylinders for just about any signs of leaks.
Frame, cowling and canopy
Walk round the forklift and check your body for just about any signs of damage, pausing on both sides of the forklift to inspect the cowling aswell. Check the canopy main supports for just about any bends or damage which could affect the canopy's capability to protect an operator in case of a dropped load or rollover. Be sure you check the integrity of side screens. If the forklift features a specific cab, make certain you can find no missing or damaged windows. Consider the chassis, paying close focus on any welds, cracks or signs of repair or modifications. Finish the body/frame inspection by checking the tires for chunking (missing rubber) and the wheels for missing lug nuts.
Cab and general operation
Step in to the forklift operator's seat and fasten the seatbelt. Note if the seat is securely fixed into position and the health of the seatbelt. Set up the forklift and listen for just about any odd sounds from the engine compartment. Check the hydraulic levers - lift and lower the loader arms, tilt arms back and forwards, and lastly side shift the arms left and right. Look for smooth operation as you operate the loader arms so when you tilt, pivot and run the mast through its various stages. Drive the forklift forwards and backwards and in a figure eight pattern, stopping and starting to be able to test the responsiveness of steering and braking. Check all the controls and safety devices for operation, including rear back-up alarm and flood lights - if included. Review the strain capacity noted on the rating placard and compare to the utmost weight requirements you will need.
Remember: you always need it a forklift which has a slightly higher load capacity than everything you think you will require.
Engine compartment, exhaust guard and counterweights
After running the forklift, open the engine compartment and look for any leaks, dirt buildup or cracks on hoses. Check the oil, note the amount of the oil on the dipstick, and in addition consider the condition of the oil. Be sure belts are tight rather than worn or cracked. Inspect the air conditioning filter and make certain it really is clean. In case you are inspecting a power forklift, be sure all battery connections come in good shape. If the device is propane-powered, check integrity of tank brackets and bolts once you have finished your engine compartment inspection. Proceed to the trunk of the forklift and appearance at the exhaust guard, damage and noting. Also be sure the counterweight bolts are securely set up.
Once you have completed your visual and functional inspection, make note of any extra features, such as for example fork positioners, side shift or perhaps a free full lift mast.